Constantine V

   Emperor (q.v.) from 741-775; ruthless proponent of Iconoclasm (q.v.) and military campaigner. His reign had scarcely begun when Artabasdos (q.v.), strategos of the Armeniakon (qq.v.), revolted, seizing Constantinople (q.v.) and restoring the veneration of icons (q.v.). After regaining power in November 743, he was preoccupied with campaigning against the Arabs (q.v.). From 746-752 he won a string of victories, aided by a civil war in the Umayyad Caliphate (q.v.) that ended in 750 when the new Abbasid Caliphate (qq.v.) came to power. In 754 at Hiera (q.v.) Constantine V officiated over a church council comprised of supporters of Iconoclasm, which condemned Iconophiles (q.v.) and the idolatrous worship of icons. A severe persecution began, aided by imperial officials like Michael Lachanodrakon (q.v.). Iconophiles were everywhere persecuted, but monasteries were especially singled out, and their properties confiscated and sold. Public religious images were destroyed, including those at the popular church dedicated to the Virgin at Blachernai (q.v.). Relics (q.v.) were also destroyed. Veneration was only allowed for the True Cross (q.v.). Much popular hatred was aroused, and a rumor circulated by his enemies that Constantine V had defecated in his baptismal font, resulting in his popular nickname kopronymos ("named in dung"). In 756 hostilies resumed with the Bulgars (q.v.), which continued until the end of his reign when he died on campaign against khan Telerig (qq.v.). However, despite his victories against the Arabs and Bulgars, Constantine V neglected Italy (q.v.) to his peril, for the Lombards seized Ravenna (qq.v.) in 751, extinguishing the Exarchate (q.v.) of Ravenna. It is no wonder that the papacy (q.v.), alienated by Iconoclasm and by the previous removal by Leo III (q.v.) of several of its western dioceses (q.v.) to the patriarchate of Constantinople (q.v.), looked to the Franks (q.v.) for protection. In 754, with a Lombard army threatening Rome (q.v.), Pope (q.v.) Stephen II journeyed north across the Alps to confirm Pippin III as king of the Franks and to award him with the rank of Exarch of Ravenna, a title which only the emperor had previously conferred. This set the stage for the subsequent papal coronation of Charlemagne (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Constantine — most commonly refers to one of the following: Constantine (name), a given name and surname Constantine I, Roman Emperor from 306 to 337, commonly known as Constantine the Great It may also refer to: People Roman/Byzantine Emperors Constantine II… …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine V — Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine V and his father Leo III the Isaurian Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine IV — Κωνσταντίνος Δ Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Constantine IV and his retinue, mosaic in basilica of Sant Apollinare in Classe (Ravenna) Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine II — may refer to: Constantine II (emperor) (317 – 340), Roman Emperor 337 – 340 Constantine III (usurper) (died 411), known as Constantine II of Britain in British legend Constantine II of Byzantine (630 – 668) Antipope Constantine II (died 768),… …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine — steht für eine Stadt in Algerien; siehe Constantine (Algerien) eine algerische Provinz; siehe Constantine (Provinz) ein ehemaliges französisches Département im Gebiet des heutigen Algerien; siehe Constantine (Département) eine Gemeinde im Kanton… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CONSTANTINE — (ancient Cirta), Algerian town. Constantine was named after Emperor Constantine in 313. Latin inscriptions give evidence of a Jewish colony there; its surroundings seem to have been inhabited by Judaized Berbers. The Arab conquest brought little… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Constantine —     Pope Constantine     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Constantine     Consecrated 25 March, 708; d. 9 April, 715; a Syrian, the son of John, and a remarkably affable man . The first half of his reign was marked by a cruel famine in Rome, the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CONSTANTINE — CONSTANTINE, anc. CIRTA Troisième ville d’Algérie avec 441 000 habitants en 1987, première grande ville intérieure et métropole de l’Est algérien, Constantine a été à travers l’histoire la capitale la plus constante du Maghreb central (Al Moghreb …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Constantine — Constantine, MI U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 2095 Housing Units (2000): 836 Land area (2000): 1.621677 sq. miles (4.200125 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.101685 sq. miles (0.263363 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.723362 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Constantine, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 2095 Housing Units (2000): 836 Land area (2000): 1.621677 sq. miles (4.200125 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.101685 sq. miles (0.263363 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.723362 sq. miles (4.463488 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Constantine — m English and French: medieval form of the Late Latin name Constantīnus (a derivative of Constans; see CONSTANT (SEE Constant)). This was the name of Constantine the Great (?288–337), the first Christian emperor of Rome. It was also born by three …   First names dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.